The TIM model of coaching: experiences, connections, and engagement

Instructional Design Fusions

In an increasingly online world,  we still need coaches, a humanizing force, to remind us of the big picture and to help us be successful.

In 1994, Strayer and Rossett articulated the TIM model, a three-pronged approach to coaching, illustrated in the figure below.

Training = creating a learning experience

In 1994, training was not quite the dirty word it is today so keep an open-mind. You can substitute the words “teaching” or “mentoring” if it makes you more comfortable. What Strayer and Rossett were advocating for was not a rigid, formalized approach, but one in which the coach is responsible for creating a learning experience for the person being coached in which that person was not left with vacuous statements but actually shown a way of doing something, invited to do it under a watchful eye, and then provided with feedback and an opportunity for further exploration.

Integration=connecting the learner to…

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